A wisdom tooth is removed to correct or prevent problems. Common problems that occur when wisdom teeth come in are:

  • Your jaw may not be large enough for them and they may become impacted, unable to break through your gums.

  • Your wisdom teeth may break partway through your gums, causing a flap of gum tissue to grow over them. Food and germs can get trapped under the flap and cause your gums to become red, swollen, and painful which are signs of an infection.

  • More serious problems can develop from impacted teeth such as infection, damage to other teeth or bone, or a cyst.

  • One or more of your wisdom teeth may come in at an awkward angle, with the top of the tooth facing forward, backward, or to either side.

Wisdom teeth removal can often be done by a general dentist. However, you may be referred to an oral surgeon if you are at high risk for complications.