Periodontitis is a severe gum disease that can have quite invasive symptoms. It usually starts as a simple inflammation of the gum tissues, which is termed as gingivitis. But, if the condition isn’t treated in the initial stages itself, it can advance to a more severe form. Periodontitis is known to be incurable, but with the right treatment, it can be controlled.
What causes periodontitis?
Periodontitis is caused primarily due to poor oral hygiene. The mouth contains thousands of microbes that continuously multiply throughout the day. They gradually deposit on the surface of the teeth to form an invisible layer of plaque. Over time, it forms dark patches on the teeth, called tartar or calculus. The microbes in tartar release toxins that have the ability to decay the soft gum tissues. If the condition is left untreated for a long time, it can lead to quite severe symptoms that affect your entire oral health.
What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
- Bleeding gums when you chew food or brush your teeth
- Inflamed gum tissues
- Persistent discharge of pus from the gums
- Receding gum line
- Loosening of teeth from their sockets
- Jawbone deterioration
- Change in the bite
How is periodontitis treated?
Removing infected tissues: The decayed gum tissues will be removed through laser therapy. A highly intense laser beam is pointed at the infected tissues, which instantly vaporizes them and seals the wound underneath. This completely avoids bleeding and the need for sutures to cover the wound.
Scaling and root planing: Dental cleaning is performed to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots. Getting rid of the microbes is an excellent way to provide relief from gum diseases and allow the tissues to heal effectively.
Gum graft: Healthy soft tissues may be extracted from a different part of the mouth, such as the palate, and grafted to the receded area. This helps to replenish their volume.
Medication: Placing suitable medication under the gums allows them to heal and prevent the spread of the infection. Medication can also be prescribed in the form of surface applicants and oral pills.
To have a consultation with our professional dentists, please schedule an online appointment or call us at (801) 542-0998, and we will be happy to help.